The American Jewish middle: Declining or transforming?
In my most recent article, published in E-Jewish Philanthropy, I suggest that the three markers traditionally used by scholars and Jewish professionals to determine that the "American Jewish Middle" is in decline - namely denominational affiliation, synagogue membership, and in-marriage - might not be as useful to determine the strength of Jewish identity for millennials and younger generations. That is, while those who still exhibit these three markers have stronger Jewish identities than those who do not, on the whole, many who do not tick these boxes are highly engaged Jews. Perhaps we need to be asking different, or at least more questions, to measure the health of the Jewish community.
This article is based on a chapter from my forthcoming back on the transformation of the Jewish middle.